Clustering

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Clustering

Connecting two or more computers together in such a way that they behave like a single computer. Clustering is used for parallel processing, load balancing and fault tolerance.

Clustering is a popular strategy for implementing parallel processing applications because it enables companies to leverage the investment already made in PCs and workstations. In addition, it's relatively easy to add new CPUs simply by adding a new PC to the network.

Source: www.webopedia.com

See also:
Replication
Firebird replicated
Bidirectional replication for InterBase and Firebird